Diabetic Eye Diseases

image of the back of an eye

Diabetes is a condition that involves high blood sugar (glucose) levels. This can affect many parts of the body, including the eyes. One of the most common diabetic eye diseases is diabetic retinopathy, which is also a leading cause of blindness in American adults.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy includes several conditions that affect the light-sensitive layer of tissue on the back of the eye, known as the retina. This tissue is responsible for capturing light and passing on images to the brain.

There are two main types of diabetic retinopathy:

  • Nonproliferative retinopathy. This is the most common type. In this condition, the tiny blood vessels (capillaries) at the back of the eye swell and form pouches. As this condition gets worse, it can starve the retina of its blood supply.
  • Proliferative retinopathy. When the retina doesn’t get enough blood, new blood vessels grow. These tend to be weak and can leak blood, which can cause vision loss or blindness.

Diabetic retinopathy can also cause vision loss when fluid leaks into the macula, the part of the retina that is responsible for the sharp, central vision. The leakage of fluid can lead to swelling of the macula (macula edema) and blurred central vision.

Glaucoma

Diabetics have a higher risk of developing glaucoma than people without diabetes. This risk increases with age and the length of time that you’ve had diabetes.

Glaucoma causes pressure to build up inside the eye, often because the fluid in the eye drains more slowly. The increased pressure can squeeze the tiny blood vessels that feed the optic nerve and retina. Over time, this can damage these structures and lead to loss of vision.

Cataracts

Cataracts are another condition that affects diabetics more often than non-diabetics. In this condition, the lens of the eye becomes cloudy, which prevents some of the light from reaching the retina.

In its early stages, treatment for cataracts may involve the use of prescription lenses. As cataracts advance, however, surgery may become necessary to remove the cataractous lens, replace it with an intraocular lens implant (IOL) and restore vision.

If you suffer from diabetes, it is particularly important to keep all your yearly eye exams, so your eye doctor can monitor the health of your eyes. If you notice changes in your vision, contact us immediately, so we can help diagnose and treat any eye conditions you may have.

Locations

Find us on the Map


Idaho Falls
1689 Pancheri Dr. Idaho Falls, ID 83402
Phone:208-529-4333
Fax:




Idaho Falls
3351 Merlin Dr. Idaho Falls, ID 83404
Phone:208-522-5594
Fax:





Pocatello
301 S. 4th Ave C-2 Pocatello, ID 83201
Phone:208-637-0841
Fax:





St. Anthony
45 West 1st North St. Anthony, ID 83445
Phone:208-624-3231
Fax:





Rexburg
24 E Main St Rexburg, ID 83440
Phone:208-356-0881
Fax:





Butte, MT
401 S. Alabama, Ste #5 Butte, MT 59701
Phone:406-782-3808
Fax:



Hours of Operation

Our Regular Schedule

Idaho Falls

Monday:

8:30 AM

5:00 PM

Tuesday:

8:30 AM

5:00 PM

Wednesday:

7:00 AM

7:00 PM

Thursday:

8:30 AM

5:00 PM

Friday:

8 - 30 AM

4:00 PM

Saturday:

By Appt.

Closed

Sunday:

Closed

Closed

Idaho Falls 2

Monday:

8:30 am-5:00 pm

Tuesday:

7:00 am-7:00 pm

Wednesday:

8:30 am-5:00 pm

Thursday:

8:30 am-7:00 pm

Friday:

8:30 am-4:00 pm

Saturday:

Closed

Sunday:

Closed

Pocatello

Monday:

8:30 am-5:30 pm

Tuesday:

8:30 am-5:30 pm

Wednesday:

8:30 am-5:30 pm

Thursday:

8:30 am-7:00 pm

Friday:

7:00 am-2:00 pm

Saturday:

Closed

Sunday:

Closed

St. Anthony

Monday:

9:00 am-5:00 pm

Tuesday:

9:00 am-5:00 pm

Wednesday:

9:00 am-5:00 pm

Thursday:

9:00 am-5:00 pm

closed for lunch 12:00 - 1:30

Friday:

9:00 am-12:00 pm

Saturday:

Closed

Sunday:

Closed

Rexburg

Monday:

9:00 am-5:00 pm

Tuesday:

9:00 am-5:00 pm

Wednesday:

9:00 am-5:00 pm

Thursday:

9:00 am-5:00 pm

Friday:

9:00 am-12:00 pm

Saturday:

Closed

Sunday:

Closed

Butte, MT

Monday:

8:30 am-5:00 pm

Tuesday:

8:30 am-5:00 pm

Wednesday:

8:30 am-5:00 pm

Thursday:

8:30 am-5:00 pm

Friday:

Closed

Saturday:

Closed

Sunday:

Closed

Testimonial

Review From Our Satisfied Patient

  • "Experts in eye care, both Dr Birch and Dr Fleming are excellent in their profession and care for their patients. I would recommend both for yours and your family's eye care.
    Connie -"
    Idaho Falls